courtesy of Rick Gottschalk
REFERENDUM OF 2/2007
In February of 2007 New Milford voters approved bonding
$2.55 million for the design and engineering of an expanded
sewer system. Uses for the planned new capacity include meeting
economic development goals and 340,000 gallons for Route 7
properties, 103,000 gallons for properties waiting for service,
and 104,000 gallons compensate for seepage infiltrating the
system. Nitrogen and phosphorus removal will also be upgraded.
COMMISSION STATEMENT OF 6/2005
In June of 2005 William Johnson, Chair of the New Milford
Sewer Commission, issues a press release which is reproduced
below. This is an excellent summation of the current sewer
situation in New Milford.
New The Sewer Commission has been working with the Connecticut
DOT for more than five years to include sewers as part of
the state highway reconstruction on Route 7.
present time the sewer line has already been installed in
Phase 1 of the new highway north of Still River Drive. Two
pump stations are nearing completion to serve this portion
of the line, and service will commence later this year.
south of Still River Drive will be installed in Phase 2 as
the highway is extended to the Brookfield line. Three additional
small pump stations will be built to serve this portion. These
sewers are expected to be completed in 2007.
service becomes available along Route 7, significant development
will take place. This development, along with other forthcoming
projects in the sewer service area, will quickly increase
the load on our existing treatment facility.
the existing plant is designed for a nominal flow of one million
gallons per day (GPD), other factors such as stricter standards
for nitrogen removal, higher strength sewage, and significantly
more septage than contemplated in the original plant design,
can cause unsatisfactory results at a much lower flow.
Commission is concerned that the flow based on these biological
considerations will be limited to much less than one million
GPD. A consulting engineering firm, Wright Pierce, has been
engaged to study this condition using computer modeling and
advises that we are very close to the biological limit at
case, with the current peak flow exceeding 700,000 GPD and
increasing growth anticipated, we are near the point where
a moratorium on sewer service could be mandated. Since the
time required to design and construct a plant expansion is
estimated at 4-5 years, it is evident that action is needed
in the near term.
Commission has anticipated the need for a treatment plan expansion
for several years. A facilities plan defining our proposed
expansion has been reviewed by the DEP and an authorization
to proceed is expected in the near future.
previously purchased the property to the north of our plant,
which will accommodate a doubling of the size of the existing
facility. After a lengthy selection process the engineering
firm of Camp Dresser & McKee (CDM) has been chosen to
design the expansion. We now need only the funding in order
estimate of the cost to design the expansion and provide plans
and bidding documents is approximately $2.5 million and will
require more than one year to complete. At that point a close
estimate of construction cost will be possible; we presently
believe that this will exceed $25 million.
Commission expects to go before the Town Council and a town
meeting in the near future to determine if the town is prepared
to go forward with this project. We plan to request authorization
for the total amount, since there is no point in funding just
the design if the construction phase will not go forward.
Commission believes this plant expansion should be authorized
since it is a prerequisite to future long term economic development.
And it should be promptly approved at this time to forestall
a possible moratorium before we can provide additional capacity,
and because construction costs are now rising at an unprecedented
TO NEW MILFORD PLAN OF CONSERVATION
AND DEVELOPMENT DATED 11/18/2004
Growth within the sewer area and along the Route 7 corridor
is expected to exceed the sewer plant’s 1 million gallon
capacity within the next two to three years. In addition,
New Milford’s Waste Facilities Plan map dated 2001 has
identified 31 areas (14 within the sewer service area) plus
all the existing business between Sunny Valley Road South
and Candlewood Lake Road South as areas in need of remediation.”
with the fact that much of the Route 7 corridor is over aquifer
areas, it is imperative that the sewer plant be expanded to
an approximately 2 million gallon capacity as soon as possible.
Increasing capacity will address the urgent present needs
in addition to allowing expansion for areas adjacent to the
Route 7 corridor, supplying service for projects anticipated
in the near future.
OF NEW MILFORD, CT 1997 PLAN OF
DEVELOPMENT TEXT CONCERNING SEWERS
The following text is drawn from the New Milford Town Plan's
"Chapter V. Sewer Plan" which became effective November
The expansion of the sanitary sewer service area in New Milford
has been an evolving process wherein sewer service has expanded
outward from the original sewer area (1959) in the downtown
and surrounding area. As part of this expansion, the Waste
Water Treatment Plant capacity was increased from its original
500,000 gallons per day to 1,000,000 gallons per day (1988).
In addition, lines were extended to the West side of the Housatonic
River to serve densely developed commercial and residential
areas and the high school and Pettibone School as well as
north of the downtown along the Route 202 corridor (Great
Brook Interceptor Sewer). These expansions were undertaken
by the New Milford Water Pollution Control Authority (WPCA)
in accordance with the Facilities Plan approved in 1983.
1986 Plan of Development generally incorporated the recommendations
of the 1983 Facilities Plan, with expansion of the sewer service
area of the Housatonic River and north in the Route 202 area.
The 1986 plan established the following priorities:
Infill activities and minor extension of the Housatonic River
on a case by case basis.
--- Expansion west of the Housatonic River along Route 7 from
the traffic circle to vicinity of Stop and Shop.
--- Extension down Pickett District Road to Lanesville.
--- Expansion north along Route 202 after the effect of generation
from previous extensions, infill activity and other minor
extensions on plant capacity have been analyzed.
priorities were established with the explanation that 91%
of the area proposed to be served in the 1983 Facilities Plan
was zoned for one-acre single-family residential development.
The priorities as proposed in the plan were intended to achieve
growth management and balance land uses. The plan acknowledged
the issue of sewer service is inexorably tied to growth management.
New Milford WPCA has established a sewer area to plan and
manage sewer service. The boundaries of this sewer area are
shown on the Sewer Plan. This area includes the original central
area (1959), as well as expansions undertaken in accordance
with the 1983 Facilities Plan. Within this sewer area there
are locations where sewers are committed, but yet to be built.
addition, potential future remediation areas have been identified
outside the sewer area. It should be noted that this sewer
area is not an officially adopted sewer district but rather
is an area used for planning purposes as described above.
upon an estimate prepared by the New Milford WPCA, there is
potential for 950,000 gallons per day of effluent from the
sewer area and potential remediation areas. This amount of
effluent effectively uses the 1,000,000 gallon-per-day treatment
plant capacity. Currently, approximately 600,000 gallons per
day are being treated. Therefore, the potential for additional
effluent is more than 50% of the amount currently being treated.
90% of plant capacity is reached there is a requirement to
start plant expansion. The 1992 bond issue for extension of
lines contained funds for plant expansion design work. Preliminary
estimates indicate the maximum plant expansion on site could
The statement in the 1986 Plan of Development that sewer service
is inexorably tied to growth management has never been truer
than it is today and for the future. The HVCEO Regional Growth
Map, in the designations of various areas, relies heavily
on sewer service as a growth management tool. The Growth Guide
recommends sewer availability in the Regional Center, Near
Central Developed and Primary Growth Areas.
approach is intended to centralize growth in these areas to
address the growth management issue highlighted in the 1986
Plan of Development. In this regard, the Land Use Plan and
the Sewer Plan for New Milford recommend the sewer area be
expanded to encompass the current sewer service area and the
limits of the Near Central and Primary Growth Areas as shown
on the Regional Growth Guide Map.
The expansion portion of this area is comprised primarily
of the Route 7 corridor from the current southern limit of
the sewer service area to the New Milford/Brookfield town
line, including the Pickett District Road Area. The proposed
sewer service area generally follows property line boundaries.
However, in the area of east of Route 7, the Still River has
been used as the easterly boundary. The second expansion area
is in the Boardman Road Area to the Northwest of the Central
Area on the east side of the Housatonic River as well as an
industrial area on the west side of Route 7 in the Boardman
from New Milford's 1997 Plan
showing existing and proposed sewered areas
a growth management aspect, not only is the proposed expansion
consistent with the Regional Growth map, but the area also
is zoned primarily for non-residential use. The expansion
of sewer service into this area would support the capital
investment to be made in the improvement of Route 7 between
the town line and the Veterans Bridge as well as the Lanesville
Connector and Grove Street improvements. The long-term tax
base and employment benefits accruing to this investment will
have a positive effect on New Milford’s future.
key issue related to the expansion and ultimate cost/benefit
is the need for and costs related to increased treatment plant
capacity. Estimates by the WPCA clearly show capacity requirements
for future growth within the existing sewered area, plus potential
remediation areas and future expansion areas, ultimately will
exceed the existing capacity.
in additional treatment facilities as growth takes place should
be considered fiscally sound since predominately non-residential
development would be served. A sewer facility plan update
should be undertaken to coordinate sewer planning with the
Plan of Conservation and Development and to establish location
and sizing for a plant expansion.
MILFORD, CT SEWER SERVICE
HISTORY (UPDATED ONLY TO 1992)
In the early 1950’s, New Milford was ordered by the
Connecticut Water Resources Commission to construct a municipal
sewer system. In 1958, a system for sanitary wastewater collection
was completed and connected to a treatment plant on West Street.
This system serves the densely developed central section of
New Milford, east of the Housatonic River. In 1967 an engineering
study prepared by Metcalf & Eddy proposed expansion of
sewer service areas north and south of the Town Center area,
on the east side of the Housatonic River.
the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection required
a second study to expand the scope of the Metcalf & Eddy
report to include all of New Milford, and to make provisions
for a regionalized sewerage system to include the Towns of
Brookfield and Washington. This 1968 report recommended sewering
the developed areas in the Candlewood Lake Watershed and to
provide for a connection with Brookfield.
local funding for the proposed $11.5 million sewer expansion
project was rejected at a New Milford Town Meeting. Also this
year the Nestle Company, a major discharger of CT DEP permitted
wastewater into the Housatonic River north of the Town Center,
had initially planned to participate in the Town’s sewer
expansion program, but decided to provide for its own wastewater
treatment needs to avoid possible delays.
the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection ordered
New Milford to prepare a new sewer facilities plan, without
consideration for regional connections. The report prepared
by Tighe and Bond in 1983 recommended the expansion of sewer
service areas to the west side of the Housatonic River.
for the planned extension of sewer lines to serve areas to
the west of the Housatonic River was completed in 1992 when
the New Milford Sewer Commission released its plans for this
$6.7 million expansion program. The $1.9 million Phase One
would provide sewer service along Route 7 from Candlewood
Lake Road North to Sunny Valley Road South.
$2.9 million Phase Two would extend sewer service as far south
as Lanesville Road and include a mile of sewer service along
Pickett District Road. The final phase calls for the extension
of sewer service into the residential areas along Sunny Valley
Road near the New Milford High School, at a cost of $1.9 million.
Commission proposed to finance this expansion program from
a combination of funding sources including a $1.3 million
grant from the State and State loans at a 2% interest rate.
The loans would be repaid though sewer assessments on those
property owners benefiting from the proposed sewer service.
CT DEP is reviewing the proposed expansion plan for funding.
consideration is the construction of the Great Brook Interceptor.
This sewer line would begin at Elm Street in the vicinity
of Great Brook and extend northward to Park Lane, follow Old
Park Lane to Route 109 then to Route 202 and northward to
serve an existing condominium complex. (See the figure entitled
Great Brook Interceptor).
It should be noted that the Town of New Milford has no defined
sewer service districts (Note: this text dates from 1992).
Property not directly located on a sewer line has the potential
to obtain sewer service, with the understanding that those
benefiting from the service will pay for the cost of extending
the sewer line and for the cost of treating collected sewage.
MILFORD TREATMENT PLANT
CAPACITY (UPDATED ONLY TO 1992)
In 1958, the first municipal sanitary sewerage system serving
New Milford was completed and included a sewage treatment
plant on West Street south of the Town Center. This plant
had a capacity of 0.5 MGD.
a report entitled Final EIS for Wastewater Collection and
Treatment Facilities, prepared for the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency by Anderson-Nichols & Co., recommended
a new sewage treatment plant with a 4.0 MGD capacity in order
to accommodate the anticipated flows from New Milford and
Brookfield over the next 20 years.
was to be constructed on the west side of the Housatonic River
just north of its confluence with the Still River, a good
spot for natural drainage, off of Pickett District Road and
was to be expandable to 8.0 MGD. The existing plant located
on the east side of the Housatonic River on West Street was
to become a pumping station to the new plant.
the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection ordered
New Milford to prepare a new sewer facilities plan, without
consideration for regional connections. The resulting engineering
report, prepared by Tighe & Bond, assumed New Milford
would plan and implement water pollution control measures
independent of nearby communities. The report recommended
that the capacity of the Town’s existing sewage treatment
plant be expanded to 1.0 MGD. An upgrade of the New Milford
sewage treatment plant was completed in 1989, doubling the
plants capacity to slightly over 1.0 MGD.
of 1992, anticipating the sewage flows to be generated from
the areas proposed for service on the west side of the Housatonic
River, as well as those possible from the Great Brook Interceptor,
town voters approved the design work for an additional 1.0
MGD of sewage treatment capacity.