Planning Bulletin No. 109, May 2004
COMMUTING PATTERNS
To and From
GREATER DANBURY, CT


Thanks to staff member Josephine Harvey for the
detailed data management shown in this section.


THIS REGIONAL OVERVIEW IS BASED UPON THESE DETAILED MUNICIPAL TABLES:
From Bethel To Bethel From Bridgewater To Bridgewater From Brookfield To Brookfield
From Danbury To Danbury From New Fairfield To New Fairfield From New Milford To New Milford
From Newtown
To Newtown From Redding To Redding From Ridgefield To Ridgefield
From Sherman To Sherman
Statewide 2000

TABLE T21-A


COMMUTING PATTERNS OF LOCAL RESIDENTS:
PERCENT STAYING IN COMMUNITY FOR EMPLOYMENT

   Bethel

Bridge-

water

Brook-
field
Dan-
bury
New
Fairfield
New
Milford
New-
town
Redd-
ing
Ridge-
field
Sher-
man
Region
1970
28
28
24
73
18
59
39
18
40
17
51
1980
22
19
21
64
12
47
38
17
32
17
42
1990
21
18
25
56
17
45
29
18
30
16
38
2000
22
16
23
47
18
36
24
20
30
20
34
2010
                     
Note: The percent of local residents that find work in the same town where they live has been in most cases steadily falling.


TABLE T21-b


COMMUTING PATTERNS OF LOCAL RESIDENTS:
PERCENT COMMUTING TO DANBURY FOR EMPLOYMENT

   Bethel

Bridge-

water

Brook-
field
Dan-
bury
New
Fairfield
New
Milford
New-
town
Redd-
ing
Ridge-
field
Sher-
man
Region
1970
38
9
42
73
45
18
18
16
7
15
43
1980
38
22
40
64
33
20
20
13
9
19
39
1990
35
17
30
56
34
21
20
15
13
18
35
2000
26
17
25
47
24
21
13
8
7
14
29
2010
                     
Note: Danbury remains the economic capital of the region. However, most of the percentages of residents by municipality that commute to Danbury are falling. Overall, the commuter pattern is becoming more diffuse and multidirectional.


TABLE T21-C


COMMUTING PATTERNS OF LOCAL RESIDENTS:
PERCENT REMAINING WITHIN BOUNDARY OF
HOUSATONIC REGION FOR EMPLOYMENT

   Bethel

Bridge-

water

Brook-
field
Dan-
bury
New
Fairfield
New
Milford
New-
town
Redd-
ing
Ridge-
field
Sher-
man
Region
1970
76
72
80
86
70
84
63
43
48
59
75
1980
71
76
75
79
56
80
65
42
43
63
69
1990
67
69
69
73
64
77
58
44
46
57
66
2000
62
57
64
68
56
73
49
38
39
56
60
2010
                     
Note: The key summary point is that only 25% of the residents of the region worked outside of the regional boundary in 1970, but that 40% were working outside by 2000.

 

TABLE T21-D


COMMUTING PATTERNS OF LOCAL RESIDENTS:
PERCENT TRAVELING OUTSIDE THE HOUSATONIC REGION
TO THE SOUTH WESTERN REGION

   Bethel

Bridge-

water

Brook-
field
Dan-
bury
New
Fairfield
New
Milford
New-
town
Redd-
ing
Ridge-
field
Sher-
man
Region
1980
15
3
9
9
11
5
10
37
33
2
13
1990
18
5
9
9
7
5
13
34
28
2
13
2000
17
5
9
10
10
7
14
34
30
5
13
2010
                     
Note: Average housing costs are higher to the south in the adjacent South Western Region. As a result, many persons from throughout the country may find employment there, but are deterred from also living there by high housing prices. One alternative is for them to commute to housing easterly, up the Connecticut coast. Another is to commute from the Housatonic Valley Region here to the north, becoming residents of this Region.


TABLE T21-e


COMMUTING PATTERNS OF LOCAL RESIDENTS:
NUMBER TRAVELING TO THE SOUTH WESTERN REGION

   Bethel

Bridge-

water

Brook-
field
Dan-
bury
New
Fairfield
New
Milford
New-
town
Redd-
ing
Ridge-
field
Sher-
man
Region
1980
1094
22
592
2572
505
409
897
1258
3286
22
10657
1990
1692
41
699
3227
460
622
1315
1445
3199
37
12737
2000
1685
44
760
3847
678
1008
1764
1387
3164
99
14436
2010
                     
Note: These are the base numbers used to generate the percentages in Table T21-D above. Note that the number of this Region's residents that commute to work to the south continues to climb. However, due to the population in the Housatonic Valley Region continuing to grow rapidly, total residents traveling south as a percentage is remaining constant. See this nice display of commuter maps by the South Western Regional Planning Agency


TABLE T21-f


COMMUTING PATTERNS OF LOCAL RESIDENTS:
NUMBER TRAVELING TO STAMFORD, CT

   Bethel

Bridge-

water

Brook-
field
Dan-
bury
New
Fairfield
New
Milford
New-
town
Redd-
ing
Ridge-
field
Sher-
man
Region
1970
147
9
83
266
20
25
88
132
601
N/A
1371
1980
358
4
96
682
102
68
290
191
1114
4
2909
1990
420
0
148
838
107
154
344
380
1181
6
3578
2000
484
16
183
1274
270
337
449
389
1246
33
4681
2010
                     
Note: The City of Stamford is part of the South Western Region, and the largest single source of employment for our residents within that region.

By municipality, percent of employed
residents who work in Stamford, CT

Downtown Stamford, CT is 24 aerial miles
south of Downtown Danbury. It is a significant
commuter draw for Greater Danbury's residents.

TABLE T21-g


COMMUTING PATTERNS OF LOCAL RESIDENTS:
NUMBER TRAVELING TO NORWALK, CT

   Bethel

Bridge-

water

Brook-
field
Dan-
bury
New
Fairfield
New
Milford
New-
town
Redd-
ing
Ridge-
field
Sher-
man
Region
1970
169
N/A
32
275
19
76
88
161
298
N/A
1118
1980
225
0
114
510
82
143
184
369
495
18
2140
1990
504
15
211
912
125
204
397
374
589
9
3340
2000
490
15
142
873
123
283
463
270
522
17
3198
2010
                     
Note: Norwalk is also part of the South Western Region, and after Stamford is the next largest employment center in that region for our residents.


TABLE T21-H


COMMUTING PATTERNS OF LOCAL RESIDENTS:
PERCENT TRAVELING INTO NEW YORK STATE

   Bethel

Bridge-

water

Brook-
field
Dan-
bury
New
Fairfield
New
Milford
New-
town
Redd-
ing
Ridge-
field
Sher-
man
Region
1970
6
14
8
6
23
7
3
14
22
35
9
1980
7
10
12
11
22
7
6
10
19
31
12
1990
9
6
11
8
27
7
4
10
20
26
11
2000
8
9
15
11
24
7
8
14
22
27
13
2010
                     
Note: Like the South Western Region in southern Fairfield County, many towns in adjacent Westchester County, NY have higher average housing costs than in the Housatonic Valley Region. This causes extra commuting. A significant number of trips are also made to adjacent Putnam County, NY and also to more distant Manhattan in New York City.


TABLE T21-I


COMMUTING PATTERNS OF LOCAL RESIDENTS:
NUMBER TRAVELING TO MANHATTAN IN NEW YORK CITY

   Bethel

Bridge-

water

Brook-
field
Dan-
bury
New
Fairfield
New
Milford
New-
town
Redd-
ing
Ridge-
field
Sher-
man
Region
1980
129
17
139
388
86
72
64
194
465
77
1631
1990
177
46
176
513
211
104
108
249
643
175
2402
2000
151
37
158
542
243
164
203
237
573
154
2462
2010
                     
Note: Much of the daily travel to Manhattan above is by commuter rail, but all travel modes are included in the above totals. Passenger rail service to Manhattan is available from Danbury Branch Line stations in Danbury, Bethel, Redding and Ridgefield. Some local residents also reach Manhattan from passenger stations on the Harlem Line in nearby New York State (see map of parallel rail lines).

By municipality, percent of employed
residents who work in New York City

View of New York City

TABLE T21-J


LABOR FORCE DRAWN IN BY LOCAL EMPLOYERS:
PERCENT FROM SAME MUNICIPALITY AS JOB

   Bethel

Bridge-

water

Brook-
field
Dan-
bury
New
Fairfield
New
Milford
New-
town
Redd-
ing
Ridge-
field
Sher-
man
Region
1970
41
60
45
68
70
69
53
51
59
69
N/A
1980
36
55
35
51
56
62
48
46
52
73
50
1990
31
50
32
44
65
56
44
62
47
61
44
2000
28
42
24
40
41
54
35
41
28
53
38
2010
                     
Note: Here commuter statistics are reversed to show the commuting perspective from the employer's point of view. Some of their employees live right in the same town as the employment location, but as shown above, commuter trends are weakening this once convenient arrangement. Clearly, manufacturers and businesses can count less and less on their newly recruited employees finding homes in the same community as their new job.


TABLE T21-K


LABOR FORCE DRAWN IN BY LOCAL EMPLOYERS:
PERCENT FROM DANBURY, CT

   Bethel

Bridge-

water

Brook-
field
Dan-
bury
New
Fairfield
New
Milford
New-
town
Redd-
ing
Ridge-
field
Sher-
man
Region
1970
31
14
27
68
20
5
16
20
18
12
N/A
1980
28
N/A
22
51
28
3
13
10
15
N/A
N/A
1990
24
N/A
24
44
11
8
7
9
17
N/A
N/A
2000
25
8
22
40
17
8
10
8
20
3
N/A
2010
                     
Note: Employers in each municipality in Greater Danbury have always relied upon the nearby and concentrated labor force in Danbury. But as a percentage of their workers, the percentage of labor coming in from from Danbury continues to fall. The exceptions are New Milford and Ridgefield.


TABLE T21-L


LABOR FORCE DRAWN IN BY LOCAL EMPLOYERS:
PERCENT DRAWN FROM THE HOUSATONIC REGION

   Bethel

Bridge-

water

Brook-
field
Dan-
bury
New
Fairfield
New
Milford
New-
town
Redd-
ing
Ridge-
field
Sher-
man
Region
1980
87
74
88
83
95
79
71
76
80
97
N/A
1990
77
69
78
78
90
76
60
83
83
80
N/A
2000
72
65
73
67
74
73
56
68
67
76
N/A
2010
                     

Note: While employers might prefer that their workers were living no further away than one of the ten Greater Danbury communities, as shown above, this percentage is also falling. At this next geographic level, we again have evidence that the trend for the labor force to spread out is quite broad.

For example, in 1980 Danbury employers could at least expect that the vast majority, 83% of needed labor, could be found here in the ten town Greater Danbury Area. But by 2000 that figure had fallen to 67%. Again the suburban pattern follows suit. In 1980 Brookfield’s employers were able to fill 88% of jobs from the 10 town area, but by 2000 this was a lesser 73%. For Newtown the drop was 71% to 56% and in Ridgefield 80% to 67%.

TABLE T21-M


LABOR FORCE DRAWN IN BY LOCAL EMPLOYERS:
PERCENT OF COMMUTERS DRAWN FROM THE
HOUSATONIC REGION AND SELECTED ADJACENT REGIONS

   FROM
HOUSATONIC
VALLEY
REGION

FROM
GREATER
WATERBURY

FROM
NEW YORK
STATE
FROM
SOUTHWESTERN
REGION
FROM
GREATER
BRIDGEPORT
OTHER TOTAL
1970
89
3
2
2
3
1
100
1980
82
5
4
3
3
3
100
1990
77
7
6
1
3
6
100
2000
68
7
7
5
5
8
100
2010
           
100
Note: Culminating in the big picture, jobs in the Region also filled by residents of the region fell from 89% 1970 to 68% in 2000. To make up the difference, between 1970-2000 we have continually imported more labor from all directions.

From Greater Waterbury, 3% up to 7% of our total need. Then from New York State 2% up to 7%, the Stamford-Norwalk Area 2% to 5%, and from Bridgeport and its suburbs 3% to 5%. As for employees living in areas further out, their share went from 1% in 1970 to 8% in 2000.


TABLE T21-N


LABOR FORCE DRAWN IN BY LOCAL EMPLOYERS:
NUMBER OF COMMUTERS DRAWN FROM THE
HOUSATONIC REGION AND SELECTED ADJACENT REGIONS

   From
Housatonic
Region

From
Greater Waterbury

From
New York
State
From
Southwestern
Region
From
Greater
Brodgeport
Other Total
1980
55924
3581
2498
1765
1793
2991
68552
1990
65294
6258
4673
1018
2356
5530
85129
2000
65868
7103
6409
4908
5142
7573
97003
2010
             
Note: This table provides the base numbers for Table T21-M above.


THIS REGIONAL OVERVIEW IS BASED UPON THESE DETAILED MUNICIPAL TABLES:
From Bethel To Bethel From Bridgewater To Bridgewater From Brookfield To Brookfield
From Danbury To Danbury From New Fairfield To New Fairfield From New Milford To New Milford
From Newtown
To Newtown From Redding To Redding From Ridgefield To Ridgefield
From Sherman To Sherman
Regional 1970-2000 Statewide 2000

 
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